Lobal Food Contact Conference 2022: izibuyekezo ezivela emazweni aseMelika

SmithersIngqungquthela ihlanganisa intuthuko yomhlaba wonke emithethweni yokuxhumana nokudla;Izikhulumi zosuku lokuqala zibuyekeza izinguquko zakamuva nezizayo emithethweni yokupakishwa kokudla e-US, Canada, kanye ne-South America trade bloc.I-Mercosur

Ephreli 6, 2022 Lindsey Parkinson

Ngomhla zi-4 kuMbasa, 2022, i-consultant yokupakisha ukudlaSmithersivule unyaka wayoI-Global Food Contactinkomfa ehlanganisa ndawonye ababambe iqhaza bezokulawula kanye nezimboni ukuze baxoxisane ngentuthuko kanye nezinkinga ezivelayo emhlabeni wokupakishwa kokudla.Amaseshini kulo nyaka aqoqwe yizwekazi ukuze athole umbono wesimo sokulawula esifundeni ngasinye, kodwa izindikimba eziphindaphindayo zivele ezifundeni ezihlukene ikakhulukazi ezihlobene namapulasitiki agaywe kabusha.Usuku lokuqala lwalugxile emazweni aseMelika.Izikhulumi ezivela e-US, Canada, kanye ne-South America trade blocI-Mercosurkonke kunikeze isifinyezo semithethonqubo yokuxhumana nokudla eyenziwa ezifundeni zabo.

UPaul Honigfort, uMqondisi weUkwahlukaniswa Kwezinto Zokuthintana Nokudlae-USUkuphatha Ukudla Nezidakamizwa(I-FDA), wethula umcabango ngemuva kweI-FDA' isanda kushicilelwauhleloukuze ubuyekeze isistimu yezaziso zokuthintwa kokudla (FCN, FPFkubika).E-United States, izinto zokuxhumana zokudla ziphathwa ngendlela efanayo yokuhlola njengezithasiselo zokudla.Umehluko kuphela ukuthi into ethile ingahoxiswa kanjani: Nakuba izinto ezigunyaziwe ohlwini lwezithasiselo zokudla zingasuswa ngenxa yezizathu ezintathu - ukukhathazeka ngokuphepha, ukushiywa, kanye “nokuhlangenwe nakho nomthetho okhona,” izinto ezithinta ukudla okwamanje zingahoxiswa kuphela uma zikhona. ulwazi olusha lokuphepha.

Ukuntuleka kwezinketho zezinto ezithintana nokudla kungaholela enkingeni.Ngokuka-Honigfort, “lokhu kubangela izinkinga ezithile kule nhlangano ngoba ukubonisa ukuthi okuthile akusaphephile kuyinqubo enzima ngandlela-thile.”Lokhu kuphinde kube yinkinga ezinkampanini.I-FCN iboshelwe enkampanini ethile kanye nenqubo yokukhiqiza.Kodwa ngenxa yokuthi ukuphepha kuwukuphela kwesizathu sokuthi ikhemikhali ingasuswa, ngisho noma inkampani iyeka ukusebenzisa into ethile (ukushiya), i-FCN ayikwazi ukususwa.Ngenxa yalezi zinkinga, ayikho i-FCN eke yasuswa ku-I-FDAUhlu - ngisho ne-PFAS.

II-FDAyayigunyaze iketango elidePFASephepheni elingangenwa amafutha ngawo-1970s.Kodwa iningi lazoI-FDA'Izidingo zezinto ezithinta ukudla azidingi ulwazi ngokuphikelela, “ngenxa yalokho,I-FDAbakholelwa ukuthi [ngo-2011] abukho ubufakazi bokuphepha.”Esikhundleni sokwenza izivivinyo ezibizayo zokuphikelela, abakhiqizi bavuma ngokuzithandela ukukhipha i-PFAS yochungechunge olude emakethe.Ngaphandle kobufakazi bokuphikelela, noma izinkampani zingafuni ukusebenzisa lawo makhemikhali, ngokobuchwepheshe ama-FCN asasebenza kahle.Ngesibuyekezo se-I-FDA'sinqubo manje ehlongozwayo, "ukushiya kufanele kube indlela eqondile yokugcina uhlelo lwethu lusebenza njengamanje."

II-FDA'sisibuyekezo esihleliwe kusistimu ye-FCNvula ukuphawulakuze kube ngu-Ephreli 11.

Zhongwen Wang, umhloli wesayensi eCanadaI-Bureau of Chemical SafetyngaphakathiHealth Canada, inikeze umbono omfishane wesistimu yokulawula ukuphepha kokudla yaseCanada egxile kakhulu ekutheni kanjaniHealth Canadaibuyekeza ukuphepha kwemikhiqizo yokupakisha ukudla.E-Canada, izinto zokuxhumana zokudla zingathunyelwa ngokuzithandela ukuze kuhlolwe ukuthobelana ngaphambi kokungena emakethe.Ngemuva kokuhlolwa okuphelele kokuphepha kwamakhemikhali,Health Canadaingashicilela incwadi yokungaphikisani (LONO) okuhloswe ngayo ukuxhumana nalokhoHealth Canada"Ayikuphikisani nokusetshenziswa komkhiqizo ohloselwe ukupakisha ukudla."I-LONO inikezwa kuphela uma u-100% wezithako ezikumsebenzi wabiwe nayoHealth Canada.U-Wang uthe ezimweni eziningi alukho ulwazi olwanele olunikezwa lapho abakhiqizi befaka isicelo sokuqala sencwadi “ngakho sizodlula imizuliswano eminingana ngaphambi kokuthi kunikezwe i-LONO.”Isikhathi sokulinda phakathi kwesicelo se-LONO nokwamukela incwadi siyahluka, kodwaHealth Canadaibeka eqhulwini izicelo zezinto ezihambisana nokusemqoka kuhulumeni."Eminyakeni yakamuva ipulasitiki egaywe kabusha yinto ehamba phambili yethu ngakho sizobeka phambili ukuthunyelwa kwepulasitiki okugaywe kabusha."

Kulandela umsebenzi wakamuva eYurophu we-titanium dioxide (TiO2, FPFkubika),Health Canadayenze uphenyo emakethe yayo ngaleyo nto.Ngemuva kwesicelo sakamuva sobufakazi, uWang uthe umbiko ovelaHealth Canadaku-TiO2 ezithasiselweni zokudla kulindeleke ukuthi ishicilelwe phakathi nezinyanga ezimbalwa ezizayo.I-ejensi ayizange ithole ulwazi oluningi mayelana ne-TiO2 ekufakweni kokudla, ngakho-ke i-ejensi ihlela ukuqapha into kodwa azikho izinhlelo eziqondile zocwaningo noma izinguquko kumthethonqubo ngalesi sikhathi.

Ukuphepha kwama-mineral oil hydrocarbons (MOH) akhona emaphaketheni nakho kusanda kuphakanyiswa isaziso se-WTO yaseJalimane ngo-Ephreli ka-2021 (FPF).kubika).II-Bureau of Chemical Safetyuhlela ukwenza ukuhlaziya ku-MOH ekudleni okupakishwe ephepheni eligaywe kabusha.Health Canadanjengamanje ugada uwoyela wamaminerali ezintweni zokupakisha ukudla futhi angase acele ulwazi olwengeziwe kubakhiqizi mayelana ne-MOH noma ngabe i-LONO yanikezwa ngaphambilini.

U-Alejandro Ariosti, ovela ku-Isikhungo Sikazwelonke Sobuchwepheshe Bezimboni - Isikhungo Sepulasitikie-Argentina, yaxoxa ngezindikimba ezehlukene zohwebo phakathi kweMelika Ephakathi neseNingizimu futhi yafingqa imithethonqubo yokupakisha ukudla osekuyisikhathi eside ikhona kanye naleyo mithetho ebuyekezwayo njengamanjeI-Mercosurngokuqondile.U-Ariosti uthe ezimweni eziningiI-Mercosurilandela uhlaka lwaseYurophu lokulawula izinto zokupakisha ukudla.Ngo-2021, i-bloc yavuselela imithetho yayo yokupakisha ukudla ukuze ilungise umkhawulo ophelele wokufuduka kwamapulasitiki kulawo ase-EU's EC 10/2011 Regulation (FPF).kubika).Izinto kuI-Mercosurizinhlu positive zivela kokubiliiyuniyani yase-Europekanye ne-USI-FDA.

I-Mercosurnjengamanje usebenzela ukuchitshiyelwa kwezinsimbi nama-alloys asetshenziswa ekufakweni kokudla okuhlelelwe ukukhishwa ngasekupheleni kwalo nyaka.Ngaphezu kwalokho, i-trade bloc yenza ukubuyekezwa kwesibili kwesinqumo sephepha nebhodi kanye nokubhala ukulawulwa kwama-silicone ekuxhumaneni nokudla "ngoba singenisa okuningi kakhuluI-Mercosur,” kuchaza u-Ariosti.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: May-05-2022